Portugal Trip Recap Plus December 2022 Early Retirement Update

Hey folks, it’s 2023! I hope everyone had a great time with friends and family over the holidays, and rang in the New Year in style! 

We had a very busy December. We were vacationing in Portugal during the first week of December, and then sailed from Lisbon to the United States aboard the Norwegian Epic to get back in plenty of time to celebrate Christmas at home. 

Once back home in Raleigh, we went to a couple of family gatherings to celebrate Christmas. Our New Years Eve plans got canceled due to the hosts getting sick, so we watched the ball drop at home this year. 

Financially, December was a mixed month for us. Our net worth dropped by $92,000 to end the month at $2,626,000. Our income was excellent at $19,599 for last month, while our spending was incredibly low at only $1,271 for the whole month of December. 

Let’s jump into the details from last month.




Investment income totaled $17,860 in December. Our equity index funds and ETFs pay dividends quarterly at the end of March, June, September, and December. The majority of the quarterly dividends arrive at year-end in December. As a result, we had a gigantic amount of investment income last month. Here’s more on our dividend investments.

Blog income totaled $643 for the month. I think this is the “new normal” for blog income unless I start posting a lot more frequently. 

My early retirement lifestyle consulting income (“consulting”) was $175 in December. I only booked one hour of consulting last month. I am glad the pace of my consulting side hustle slowed down while we are traveling a lot.  

Tradeline sales income totaled $375 in December. This source of revenue seems to be soft right now as well, as I don’t currently have any new sales. This means January, and potentially February, will be $0 income months for tradeline sales. I ramped up my tradeline sales in 2020 and discussed it in a bit more detail in my October 2020 monthly post and in my July 2021 monthly post

For December, my “deposit income” totaled $26. Of this total, $16 of the “deposit income” comes from cash back and incentive bonuses from the Rakuten.com and Mrrebates.com online shopping portals (some of which was earned from you readers signing up through these links). 

If you sign up for Rakuten through this link and make a qualifying $25 purchase through Rakuten, you’ll get a $10 sign up bonus

The remaining $10 of “deposit income” came from a pair of $5 bonuses from our Chase credit cards. They were offering $5 cash back when you spend $5 or more at any grocery store on two different cards. Since everyone buys groceries, it was really easy to complete this grocery cash back offer. 

December Youtube income totaled $118. Youtube only pays out when you exceed $100 in accumulated revenue. Recently, my Youtube earnings have been just under $100 per month on average, so it’s a nice surprise to see this revenue stream actually increase when my other income streams are shrinking. 

Here is the Youtube channel for the curious. It’s random travel videos, birds, kids, and a couple of DIY videos. There are only a few main videos that bring in most of the traffic (and revenue!).

Closing out the income from December: a $400 bonus came from a US Bank business checking sign up bonus.



2022 Whole Year Income Summary:

All income for 2022. Folks always ask for this year-end income summary, so here it is! The investment income includes dividends and interest in taxable brokerage accounts (about one quarter of total) and retirement accounts (three quarters of total).


If you’re interested in tracking your income and expenses like I do, then check out Personal Capital (it’s free!). All of our savings and spending accounts (including checking, money market, and five credit cards) are all linked and updated in real time through Personal Capital. We have accounts all over the place, and Personal Capital makes it really easy to check on everything at one time.

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Tracking spending was one of the critical steps I took that allowed me to retire at 33. And it’s now easier than ever with Personal Capital.


This month only, Personal Capital is giving out a free $100 Visa gift card when you sign up to use their expense tracking and portfolio management service AND have a no-obligation chat with an advisor who will take a look at your portfolio and come up with some recommendations. 

Fine print: a $100 Visa® gift card for new users that participate in both an initial call and advisory recommendation with a Personal Capital advisor. New users have until February 28th, 2023 to meet with our advisors, but they must sign-up before January 31st 2023 to qualify for the reward.


  1. Sign up for our free, easy-to-use financial tools. You MUST use that link to sign up for Personal Capital to qualify for the bonus.  (this is the same link if you want to copy/paste: https://personalcapital.sjv.io/c/336145/1439390/13439 )
  2. Link bank and investment accounts of at least $250,000 (savings, investment accounts, employer-sponsored 401ks, etc.)
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Free money, folks. 

(obligatory affiliate disclaimer: Personal Capital Advisors Corporation (“PCAC”) compensates Root of Good for new leads. Root of Good is not an investment client of PCAC. )



Now let’s take a look at December expenses:


In total, we spent $1,271 during December which is about $2,000 less than our regularly budgeted $3,333 per month (or $40,000 per year). Groceries and travel were the two highest categories of spending in December. 


Detailed breakdown of spending:


Groceries – $521:

We spent a tiny bit less than usual on groceries in December. Mrs. Root of Good and I were away from home for more than half the month. We stocked up on groceries in November before we left, so the December grocery bill was smaller than usual. 

The latest inflation-related grocery price shock hit us the first few days of January when I started a new online grocery order. I started to add eggs to my shopping cart and then realized the 36-pack of eggs we bought a week earlier now comes with a two digit price tag. The price-per-dozen jumped from $2 to $5 over the course of a week at Walmart! 

As a temporary workaround, we are trying the liquid egg whites and adding those to fresh eggs when making scrambled eggs. So far, so good. And the liquid egg whites, on sale, were a third of the price of the fresh eggs. Hopefully the supply chain catches up at some point and we get back to calling our eggs “eggs” instead of “chicken caviar”.

We’ve also switched to eating more meat since boneless lean trimmed chicken and pork are both much cheaper than eggs now! Economists call this act of buying one item that’s cheaper than a similar item “substitution”, but it kind of feels like a trade up, and not a trade down. 


Christmas lunch at family’s house. A nice mix of Asian and American food.


Travel – $384:

We had already paid for most of our week in Portugal and our cruise in previous months, so the travel spending in December was rather modest even though we spent more than two weeks overseas (and literally over the sea, in the case of the cruise!). 

Our $384 in travel spending in Portugal (plus a tiny bit on the ship and in New York City getting home) was roughly as follows: 

  • attractions (Pena Palace, Quinta da Regaleia, Batalha Monastery) – $64
  • ubers and public transit – $40
  • restaurants – $100
  • car rental for four days – $37
  • gas for rental car – $50 (gas gauge was messed up so I ended up filling the car too much!)
  • lodging for 1 night in Lisbon – $43
  • groceries – $50

Since we were traveling off season, the lodging rates in Portugal were ridiculously low. In November, we prepaid $87 total for three nights in a 1 bedroom apartment in Nazare for example. It was admittedly a tiny apartment by American standards, but very functional for our 3 day stay. And it came with a nice rooftop terrace. 

This was a great trip and didn’t cost much at all for more than two weeks of vacationing for the two of us (the kids stayed at home because they had school). 

Our flight to Lisbon and our NYC to Raleigh flight were both free thanks to airline points. Lodging was very affordable as were the restaurants and groceries. The rental car was incredibly cheap too (about $10 per day for an automatic).

The only crazy spending area was gas. I ended up paying about twice as much to refuel the car because the gas gauge was broken. I tried to refill the car to 7/8ths of a tank but the gas gauge never moved higher than 6/8ths. So I ended up filling tank to “full” (an extra one quarter of a tank of gas). It’s a tiny euro car so it only holds 10-12 gallons in total, so still not a huge additional expense. I did have to argue (successfully) with the rental car staff that the car is, in fact, full of gas and therefore I should not have to pay for extra gas charges imposed by the rental company. Oh well, such is life! 

Keep on reading if you want to see a full trip recap. It’s at the end of this blog post.

If you are interested in getting free travel from your credit card like I do, consider the Chase Ink Unlimited or Chase Ink Cash business cards (my referral link). Right now the Chase Ink business cards offer 90,000 Chase Ultimate Rewards points that can be redeemed instantly for $900 in cash. And if you have a Chase Sapphire Preferred or Chase Sapphire Reserve card, those 90,000 Ultimate Rewards points are worth $1,125 or $1,350 (respectively) towards Airbnb or other travel reservations. This is the highest offer ever on the Chase Ink Unlimited/Cash cards and may not last too much longer. Mrs. Root of Good and I each received our new Chase Ink Unlimited cards during December. 

Chase is pretty liberal when it comes to “what is a business”. If you sell stuff on eBay or Craigslist or do some odd jobs occasionally then you have a business and could get a credit card as a “sole proprietor”. 


Utilities – $324:

The total utility spending was $324 last month.

We spent $143 for the water/sewer/trash bill.

The natural gas bill, which provides heating and hot water, totaled $94 for last month. This bill covers mostly the month of November when we ran the heat a moderate amount. 

The electric bill totaled $88 last month. 


Gas – $35:

A half tank of gas for $35. Our daughter is in college and topped off the tank while we were out of town (with our credit card). 


Healthcare/Medical/Dental – $9:

Our current 2023 health insurance costs $18 per month, thanks to very generous Affordable Care Act subsidies that we receive due to our low ~$45,000 per year Adjusted Gross Income. We didn’t have to pay the premium in December (for coverage during January) because we paid it in November. 

We signed up for 2023 dental insurance plans and paid one $9 premium in December. I chose a very basic plan for $9 per month for me that covers most preventive care but no fillings. Mrs. Root of Good has a different set of dental needs than I do so we kept the more comprehensive $20 per month plan for her (same as 2022’s plan). Mrs. Root of Good’s next dental insurance bill comes due during January since we prepaid in November for the first month of coverage. 

By buying insurance, we should save a couple hundred dollars on my dental care. For Mrs. Root of Good, we will still save a few dollars compared to paying cash for the preventive dentist visits throughout the year.


Cable/Satellite/Internet – $0:

We generally pay $18 per month for a local reduced rate package due to having a lower income and having kids. 30 mbit/s download, 4 mbit/s upload. Right now the cost of the internet service is temporarily reduced to $0 due to the “Affordable Connectivity Program”. 


Christmas morning at home with the kids. They got bows and arrows and practice swords, among other fun things.



Full Year Spending Summary for all of 2022


Our spending totaled $29,449 for all of 2022. This annual spending is about $10,000 less than what we budgeted for in our $40,000 annual early retirement budget.

Looking back, I can’t really believe the numbers. I feel like we live a $100,000 per year lifestyle but somehow it only costs us $30,000 to $40,000 per year. We literally spent less than the poverty line once again in 2022. However this doesn’t feel like poverty! 

Travel topped the list of expenses for 2022 at roughly half of our total spending. That isn’t too surprising since we spent three months abroad in 2022. We spent two months in Europe and another month spread across several cruises of five to ten days each. 

2023 travel spending might be a bit lower mainly because we have over $10,000 in Airbnb gift cards that we got for free in 2022 by cashing in some Chase Ultimate Rewards points. And our $2,600 10 night family cruise during Christmas 2023 was also free thanks to Chase Ultimate Rewards points (redeemed through our Chase Sapphire Reserve card). 

Our other annual expenses were pretty normal with groceries, utilities, insurance, and taxes being the top categories of “non-discretionary” spending. That’s just the cost of a basic lifestyle in the United States in a mortgage free home. 

The Education costs for 2022 totaled $481 and most of that was the cost of college books for two of our kids that are in college. These expenses are actually reimbursed from their 529 accounts so it’s not eating into our taxable brokerage account balances. In fact, education was a net money-maker for our household since our oldest daughter got a nice financial aid award that covered books, community college tuition, and some living expenses.

2023 education expenses should be fairly modest thanks to the 529 accounts and financial aid. In 2024, I expect college costs to creep up as one or both of our daughters will be at four year state universities where the tuition is higher than the $0 tuition at the community college. 

Other big spending for 2023 will be a used car. We failed in our attempts to acquire one during 2022 but that’s okay. The market appears to be cooling off a bit, since I am finally seeing a few cars under $10,000 that aren’t complete pieces of junk. 


Monthly Expense Summary for 2022:


Summary of annual spending from all years of early retirement:



Net Worth: $2,626,000 (-$92,000)

Another rocky month in the stock market. Seeing six figure gains or losses (or close to it, in the case of December) is fairly routine now. This past year serves as a good reminder that the stock market is a great place to get excellent long term returns but sometimes a poor place to get good short term returns. 

Stocks and bonds got crushed in 2022. Equities were down 16-20% for the major US and international index funds. Bonds didn’t fare much better, with the Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund down 13% in 2022!

The one silver lining in 2022 is that value stocks held up much better than growth stocks. The Large Cap Value and Small Cap Value funds at Vanguard were down only 2% and 9% respectively in 2022. I have a strong tilt toward value stocks so I didn’t have as bad of a year as many other folks did (but the previous decade wasn’t as kind to us value investors!).

The thing no one is talking about is real returns. Not only did equity and bond investors lose double digits in nominal terms, they also lost 7% to inflation in 2022! In real terms, an investor in 100% VTSAX (Vanguard Total Stock Market Index) would be down 26.6% in real terms. Ouch. Not a fun year. 

Of course the first week of 2023 has been very kind to stock market investors so far. I still don’t know if we are in a recession, or about to be, or if we managed this “soft landing” that I hear about in the news. It definitely doesn’t feel recession-y yet, but I don’t know if the job market and economy are as overheated as they were a year ago. 

My investment approach is the same as always: do nothing, and let an equity-heavy portfolio generate long term returns well above inflation over the next several decades. 



For the curious, our net worth reported above includes our home value (which is fully paid off). However, please note that I don’t consider my home value as part of my portfolio for “4% rule” calculation purposes. I realize folks ask me about that every month so I just wanted to state that here for clarity.


More Thoughts on our December trip to Portugal and Transatlantic Cruise

The week in Portugal plus 9 days on the transatlantic cruise back home was our first big trip away from home without the kids since the pandemic started three years ago. We went on a couple of cruises out of Charleston in 2022, but that didn’t feel the same since you really don’t do as much exploring and sightseeing on a cruise, given the limited time you’re actually in port. 

It was nice to get away for a bit and do some travel with just Mrs. Root of Good and I. We had a busy three days in Sintra, just outside of Lisbon.


Each evening, we would take a stroll through Sintra. Their Christmas decorations were lit up when we visited.


Over the course of two days, we toured the Pena Palace and the Quinta da Regaleia. 


The bright colors of the Pena Palace in Sintra, Portugal.


The view from atop a tower in the Quinta da Regaleira


A secluded walkway with stone overpass bridges in the labyrinthine Quinta da Regaleira in Sintra, Portugal.


The entirety of the Quinta da Regaleira is built on a sloping hillside. As a result, you get some great views


We didn’t do a ton of research so we thought the Initiate’s Well (shown here) was the main attraction in the Quinta da Regaleira. As it turns out, the grounds are rather expansive with enough to keep you busy exploring most of the day. But this well was cool. You descend the helical stairs around the perimeter. Once at the bottom, you enter an underground passageway that connects you to other attractions inside the park grounds, including a peek behind a waterfall.


Here is the Imperfect Well at Quinta da Regaleira


The view of the grounds of the Quinta da Regaleira from the main house.


After leaving Sinta, we took the commuter train back to Lisbon. Once in Lisbon, we picked up a car for four days and headed to the coast to Nazare.


Big ~25 ft waves. There’s a surfer out there catching a wave.


Nazare is known for having the largest waves in the world, sometimes exceeding 80 feet. While we were there we “only” saw waves approximately 25 feet tall (about five surfers high). We enjoyed exploring the cliffside and beach in Nazare where the big waves are. We visited the Forno de Orca Cave but we could only look into it from above since the entrance was flooded during high tide. 


The Forno de Orca Cave in Nazare.


Great views from the cliffside walk between the beach and the lookout point and lighthouse in Nazare. We walked down to the cave from the top of the cliff on our first full day in Nazare. Then walked from the beach up to the cave on our second day.


On the way to and from Nazare, we drove through the countryside and skipped the toll roads. Of course we saved $40 or so in tolls and rental car toll pass charges. But the main goal was to take the scenic route through the countryside.

We stopped in the town of Obidos on the way north to Nazare. The town was surprisingly packed, perhaps thanks to the Christmas market and temporary ice skating rink in the village square. We spent most of our day in Obidos walking the castle walls surrounding the town.


Exploring the town walls surrounding Obidos, Portugal


For lunch, we packed some fruit, bread, cheese, and presunto (the Portuguese cured ham that is basically prosciutto). After spending the morning walking the perimeter of town along the wall, it was nice to break for a picnic in the castle forecourt overlooking the town of Obidos.  

Then on the return trip from Nazare back to the south to Lisbon, we took a 30 minute detour to visit the town of Batalha and the Batalha Monastery.


The “Incomplete Chapel” in the Monastery and Cathedral of Batalha, Portugal. This was another serendipitous experience. Since we didn’t have much planned on the return trip to Lisbon, we googled up some cool places to visit and chose this Monastery/Cathedral on a whim. It turned out to be a spectacular choice. We got to see the royal burial chamber of the former kings of Portugal. Henry the Navigator (a son of a Portuguese king) was buried in the same chamber with his regal parents.


Further south along the road to Lisbon, we enjoyed lunch in a roadside diner in Rio Maior. After lunch we visited the saltworks or “Salinas de Rio Maior”. 


The Saltworks in Rio Maior, Portugal. They have been evaporating salt in these drying ponds for many hundreds of years. The salt slurry comes from a nearby mountainside salt mine.


Once in Lisbon, we settled into our hotel for the night not too far from the cruise ship and enjoyed takeout Chinese food and sushi from our balcony. 


Very decent sushi throughout Portugal. Usually $6 to $9 for a big tray with very generous seafood portions.


Then the next morning we slept in late, got up, and hopped aboard the Norwegian Epic for our 10 day, nine night journey back to New York City. The ship’s itinerary included two ports of call at the Azores and in Bermuda. Unfortunately, a river pilot’s strike delayed our departure from the Port of Lisbon for ten hours so we had to cancel the stop at the Azores. 

Then we were facing an almost-tropical storm in the Atlantic, so our ship steered more southward to avoid the brunt of the storm. We were still facing hurricane category 2 apparent winds of 96 mph at the peak (at least what I observed from the onboard weather station). I now know what it feels like to sit in a hot tub 15 decks up on a ship with rain pelting the back of my head with hurricane force strength. Check that off the bucket list! 

The strong headwinds cut our ship’s speed in half for several days so we were well behind schedule as we approached Bermuda. The captain made the call to cancel the Bermuda stop as well due to how far behind schedule we were. 

We had relatively calm seas on the Bermuda to NYC stretch of the trip, and eventually we made it to New York City on time. In the end, we spent 9 full days at sea and didn’t see land till we woke up in New York. 


Calm seas and great views from the main buffet restaurant on board.


This was our first transatlantic cruise and probably won’t be our last. There were a few days of rough seas that tossed the boat around plus a few days of very nice weather in the latter half of the cruise. Other more experienced passengers told us that this was one of the rougher crossings they have been on, and it didn’t seem so bad to me. 


Most mornings we would get a cup of coffee and head down to the Italian restaurant in the front of the ship to relax and enjoy the views while waiting for lunch to be served.


I liked what another passenger said about this cruise:

Even with all the storms we’ve been through, crossing the Atlantic on this ship is way more luxurious than flying from Europe to America in first class on a plane. Assuming you have the time to spare. 

I couldn’t agree more. It might have been nine days at sea with the disappointing loss of both of our port stops. But we were well fed, well entertained, and well rested the whole time. We were fortunate to have a balcony room where we enjoyed views of the sea for nine days straight. Our computer was full of downloaded Netflix shows and movies and games. Our phones full of books and games. And the nightly shows and music kept us busy as well. 


The rough waves breaking on the bow of the ship. This is the view from our balcony room. We were on deck 10 and the sea spray goes up to roughly deck 13 where the bridge is. And this was a relatively calm day of good weather!


Considering the cost of the cruise was about $400 per person, it didn’t cost a lot more than a one way flight from Europe to the United States. And it definitely proved more comfortable! 


Our flight home from New York to Raleigh departed a couple of hours late due to delays. The good news is that the delay allowed us to look out the plane window and watch the SpaceX rocket cruise through the sky off the coast of North Carolina.



Life update and Exciting News!

A few days after this post goes live, we will be setting out again on another cruise. This time we will spend ten days cruising the Caribbean with ports of call at five different islands. I’m looking forward to the warmer weather since it’s been a bit chilly here in Raleigh on some days. 

After we get back from the cruise, we have nothing planned for February through May and it feels glorious right now. Maybe we get bored and end up going somewhere. Or maybe we just rest and relax at home before a busy summer, fall and winter 2023-24 travel season. Lots of possibilities…

The big trip we have planned this fall will take us to Ecuador for a couple of weeks. Over the Christmas holidays, I got an inquiry from Cheryl Reed, the organizer of the Chautauqua FIRE retreats that are held in Ecuador each year. She invited me to come down there and give a speech at the next FI Chautauqua to a group of 20-30 FIRE-seekers. 

I agreed to speak, so I’ll be down there in Ecuador in late September through early October. Here’s the FI Chautauqua website if you are interested in joining us down there.

Key details: The Chautauqua (which means “talks”) will be held September 30 to October 7, 2023 and will begin and end in Quito, Ecuador. Free transfers are provided from the Quito airport to the hotel in Ibarra, Ecuador where we will spend the week together.

The speakers are Karsten from Early Retirement Now, Justin from Root of Good (me), Cheryl Reed from Above the Clouds Ecuador and Fritz from The Retirement Manifesto. The other two FIRE bloggers are very sharp folks and I’m looking forward to seeing them. I had the pleasure of hanging out with Karsten (aka Big ERN) at CampFI Midatlantic a few years ago and was impressed with his knowledge of all things finance and FIRE (he is a PhD economist, after all).

Prices for the event are $1,850 per person for couples ($3,700 total), and $2,200 for one person in a single room. Almost everything is included such as transportation, tours, meals, and lodging. The main thing you have to pay extra for is your airfare to Ecuador and alcohol at the hotel or at bars/restaurants when we’re out adventuring. But I’ve been assured that beers are only $2-3 each at the hotel so not exactly budget-breakers at that price. 

Past guests overwhelmingly say they had a great time. So this Chautauqua seems like a good opportunity for someone interested in FIRE and needing that personal connection to get things going, or keep things on the path to FIRE. The organizer said the event typically sells out within a few weeks, so do not delay if you are interested in attending. 

If you’re interested in joining us in Ecuador, the FI Chautauqua website has more info. Also, drop me a line in the comments because I’m curious who’s going! 


Well folks, that’s it for me for this month. See you soon! 



Did you have a good holiday break? I bet you’re ready for spring to arrive! 



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  1. The Chase Ink new cardmembers $900 deal looks like you have to spend $6K first. Am I misunderstanding the terms?

    How much income will you declare on taxes? What is the poverty threshold you need to stay under in order to qualify for benefits?

    1. The trick is to make enough money to qualify for Obamacare but not much so that you don’t get the subsidies.

      ( A lot of folks don’t know this:
      There is a MINIMUM income requirement to qualify for ACA! Believe it or not. It’s possible to be too poor to be eligible. If you’re too poor, then they will want you to try to sign up for Medicaid, which considers your total net worth!! Many states don’t have expanded Medicaid; if that’s the case, then you’re out of luck. )

      Am I understanding this correctly, Justin?

      1. These ACA requirement sucks!! I’t’s so complicated to target it right. I wish they go away with it and make it simpler

    2. Yes, $6k spend required.

      My adjusted gross income target is usually $46,000 per year or so. I like to be at 149% of the Federal Poverty Level for various reasons.

      1. Are you including the excess college financial aid as income? If the aid is a merit-based academic award (such as a scholarship), wouldn’t it belong to your daughter, since she earned it?

        1. I can’t recall exactly how we are treating the excess financial aid but it’s in my tax planning spreadsheet 🙂 As best I recall, a part of it will be “taxable” to my daughter in order to max our 529 withdrawal and our American Opportunity Tax Credit. However she won’t owe any tax on it since it is within her standard deduction.

  2. Thank you for sharing your amazing life, Justin! It’s uplifting to read/”see” something positive and motivating, as this blog is for me.

  3. Hello! I’m really curious how you get such fantastical points to cash in for free vacations when your spending is so low. How do you rack up the points when you don’t spend? I know you take advantage of sign up bonuses but I don’t see how those alone equate to free family cruises and trans-Atlantic flights. What are your secrets? Thank you.

    1. It’s sign up bonuses alone.

      And we paid cash for the transatlantic cruise, but thanks to Amex Offers on my Business Platinum card, they gave us $600 cash back on a $937 cruise (plus I bought some refundable on board credits for another $1100 and just cashed them all in and got $1100 in cash). Transatlantic flights were 22000 pts each on American. That was 44,000 pts (it’s only 1 way; we cruised back to USA). Your average American Airlines credit card gives 60,000 to 80,000 AA points for 1 signup with a $1000 spending requirement (sometimes just $1 spending requirement). So we only used about half or two thirds of 1 credit card sign up bonus on this 1 trip to Portugal.

  4. Questions about the cruise. Did the price include gratuities? Did you get any credit or compensation for missing your planned ports?

    Does your family dynamics let you just leave kids at home?

    1. > Does your family dynamics let you just leave kids at home?

      Note that it says above that the two oldest are attending community college. From prior posts, we know they’re attending locally. And that the youngest is approximately middle-school age.

      1. Not all 18 year olds are capable of being suitable caregivers to little brothers.

        Not everyone enrolled in college is a legal adult (Root of Good’s middle kid?)

        Especially for two weeks. No judgement except good for the OP if it work.

    2. I know they have lots of relatives in the area who could be called on in an emergency or just to keep a general eye on…things.

    3. Gratuities are generally extra. We paid them ahead of time however. They are pretty expensive compared to the cruise price when you find these super cheap cruise deals like I do.

      They did compensate us for missing the 2 ports. $200 per cabin in non-refundable on board credit. We went to the liquor store on board and spent the $200 on 9 liters of liquor to take back home. It’s cheaper than at home and will last for years (unless we drink it all first!).

      Regarding leaving kids at home – my parents (kids’ grandparents) stay with our kids while we are gone. They are fortunate to be retired and live locally. The oldest kid can drive and take care of siblings too but she won’t turn 18 for another few months so we don’t want to leave her home alone with her siblings (yet). Eventually all the kids can stay at home with their older sister. And we have my wife’s family all living nearby, some as close as 1.5 miles away basically on the same street as us. And they pass by our house somewhat often anyway, so they can help out or check in on the kids when we are away in the future.

  5. > Does your family dynamics let you just leave kids at home?

    Note the “two of our kids that are in college” (i.e., local community college) phrase up above. I think the youngest kid is around middle-school age.

  6. Awesome update! I’m so jealous! We did 2 Transatlantic cruises (2018 Westbound, 2019 Eastbound), which were the most relaxing travel I have ever experienced. We will definitely do more of those once our daughter is off to college. It’s the best bang for the buck, cost/day ever!

    Also, thanks for your kind words! We are going to be a blast in Ecuador!

    1. I liked them a lot. Fortunately we brought more books and games and Netflix shows than we thought we would need. And just enjoyed 9 days straight at sea. For almost free, it was a great experience and just an incredible value all around. Now that our oldest 2 kids are basically in college, we can hopefully go on more transatlantic cruises in the future!

  7. Very cool to hear you’ll be heading to Ecuador for FI Chautauqua! I was a part of one of these a few years back, and it was a nice, relaxing time. When you visit Quito, I recommend the liquor-filled hard candies if you’re into that sort of thing. Cheryl can help you find them.

    We took two repositining cruises last year, including one a transatlantic crossing in November. Ours left Southampton, UK and made 2 port stops each in France, Spain, and Portugal, the last being the Azores. Bummer that you didn’t get to any ports, but it’s still a great way to travel. I enjoyed having 25-hour days every other day. You get to sleep in without losing any time!


    1. Get this – we had 4 (!!) back to back to back to back 25 hour days. By day 4, when we were waking up at 6 am, I was ready for them to stop! ha ha

      It’s better than flying to Europe though. That jetlag of losing 5-6 hours at 1 time, is no fun. But we’re retired and not too time crunched, so we usually book a slow day our first day in Europe to relax and recuperate from jet lag.

  8. Impressive reward redemption for the Airbnb gift cards!
    How long Did it take to earn that much?

    Do you have a breakdown of bonus received per card or bank? If not can you estimate about how many cards or banks you churned this year? Is this your highest year to date?

    1. Several years of accumulating points. And not using hardly any during 2020 and 2021 due to the pandemic.

      My spreadsheet says we got 11 new cards between the 2 of us during 2022. That’s pretty typical I would say. Most bonuses fall in the $500 to $900 range.

      1. I was curious how you manage all the credit cards after applying for them. Do you keep them all open for additional point and/or reward accumulation or do you cancel them after using the points?

        1. If the card has an annual fee, 99% of the time I cancel the card. Very few cards with annual fees have benefits that justify the annual fee in my experience (if you aren’t actually spending money on the card). Otherwise, I might keep the card if annual fee-free (such as if I want to use it for Tradeline Sales).

          1. Good job justin. I’m applying for credit cards and get some rejection inspite of credit score in 7880+ ranges. How do you manage to get it approved? Do you have any specific process on which websites you check on frequent basis to come up with such cards?

            1. DoctorofCredit is the best website. They have a whole section on “best credit card sign up bonuses”.

              As for approval, I don’t know any good tricks. I try not to apply for too many cards too often. If you are getting rejected then wait a month or two before trying again. Credit card companies don’t want to see a ton of inquiries for new credit on your credit report.

  9. Amazing pictures, really talented.

    Go for the real eggs! They are healthier than the liquid eggs, and well, you CAN afford it.

    1. Hmmm real eggs are healthier than the egg whites? I assumed it was the other way around (less fats and cholesterol in the whites). Or is it because of the processing/manufacturing of the egg whites?

      1. Whole eggs>>>liquid eggs due to the processing. It’s true that egg whites are lower in fat/cholesterol than yolks, but yolks have plenty of nutrition not found in whites, and the fat isn’t super unhealthy (simple carbs and processed foods are the real culprits for poor health). I personally would go for the whole egg every time!

        1. Makes sense. I’m not sure we’re missing the macronutrients contained in the yolks since we don’t have any dietary restrictions and eat a variety of white and red meat which has plenty of goodies. +1 to the simple carbs and processed foods being the worst. Trying to keep the fruits and veggies a bigger % of overall food consumption over here vs. Standard American Diet 🙂

          1. Eggs are considered the perfect protein – they have all your essential amino acids. 🥚

            Side note – what was the tax avoidance strategy this year?? I know you paid very little while working, so I’m curious what you’ve been doing in early retirement???

            Do you expense your travel as business since you blog about it? Do you even need to??

            As a single filer with no dependents, and a $350/mon mortgage, the only tax avoidance strategy i can find is maxing out 401k. Welcome to any ideas!!

            1. My biggest tax avoidance strategy in retirement is to put a lot of funds into my solo Roth 401k and my roth IRAs. Since I have a little bit of earned income, that allows me to put all that money into Roths. I’m also doing Roth Conversions.

              Travel expenses due to blogging – I have deducted some but many travel expenses are not deductible. Since this blog doubles as a travel blog, if I intend to write about a trip and generate profit from it, then I may expense the appropriate part of the trip as a deductible business expense pursuant to all IRS rules and regulations of course. Expenses for my children to travel with me, for example, seem hard to justify as a business expense even though one could argue this is a family travel blog too. But I don’t personally count kid expenses and do my best to apportion the costs attributable to the blog and expense only those, and classify expenses for my children as personal expenses which are therefore non-deductible. Good recordkeeping being key, of course.

  10. Do you know if there is user friendly rail or bus transit from Lisbon to Nazare? We will be in Lisbon for a few days before doing an Atlantic crossing on the Norwegian Sun (19 days) in April. I would like to go to Nazare for a day to see the waves, but I don’t want to rent a car. It is not that far. Thanx…

    I always enjoy your updates.

    1. Yes, there are buses and trains from Lisbon to Nazare I believe. One or the other at least. Prices are fairly cheap for bus/train in Portugal. Perhaps $10-20 each way? It might be a long day trip, probably 2 hours each way at a minimum.

    2. Check out Flixbus! We used it several times going from Porto to Lisbon with a few stops along the way, including Nazare.

      Tip: While in Portugal, go to flixbus.pt instead of flixbus.com for cheaper rates. The site will be in Portuguese, but that can be auto-translated if you use Chrome.

      Also, just to make sure you’re aware, big wave season is Oct-Mar. I was there in May and they weren’t anything spectacular, but Nazare is still worth a visit!

      1. Yes, we took flixbus once on a previous trip and it was nice. There is a competing bus service in Portugal that I cannot recall the name of and I think it was usually cheaper and had more availability than flixbus (not sure since we picked up a rental car for our trip around the portugal countryside). I like to use Rome2Rio.com to find the whole list of potential bus/train/transit/plane options between a pair of cities.

  11. Love it! I’m burning my one Amex Fine Hotel night in southern Portugal next month and then spending three days in Lisbon – any recommendations in / around Lisbon?

    1. Definitely visit Sintra if you can while in Lisbon. Decent day trip options. Pena Palace or Quinta da Regaleira (or both). Otherwise, in Lisbon proper, Belem Tower, Sao Jorge castle, and ride an old historic tram.

  12. Wonderful post Justin! It was great to see your expenses clearly outlined because we are all trying to adjust to inflation and the new normal. I couldn’t agree with you more that today’s economic landscape is cutting both ways with high inflation and depressed markets.

    I am brand new to your site, however, I’m embarrassed to say that I first heard of you years ago on ChooseFI Episode 015. Guess I wasn’t ready to find you until today!

    I am blown away by your annual expenses of < $30,000/yr ($40,000 budgeted) for a family of 5. I can’t wait to learn more about how you do it on your blog.

    Excited to dive into your content because I think my life has a lot of similarities with yours. I’m a 40-something structural engineer, married with 2 kids. We are likely to reach FI a number of years before our first is in college so student financial aid is definitely on our minds.

    Best wishes!

  13. I took your advice and tried my hand at a rewards card last year. I got the Chase Preferred credit card and cashed in on around $1250 in free travel points! The only problem is that I didn’t get to use them all and still have about $400 remaining. If I don’t use the points and cancel the card to avoid the $95 fee, do they take the points back? I am assuming not, but I don’t want to cancel and lose my $400 so was hoping for your help. I could also cash it out but you get an extra 25% when its used on travel so I would like to keep them for that if possible so I can get my extra $100. I’m sure you’ve answered this many times over the years but I’m just a casual reader that pops in every now and when whenever I feel like I am spending too much and need inspiration 🙂 Thanks for your help and all your knowledge!

    1. If you cancel the card then they zero out your remaining balance. I cannot recall if it is instant or if you have 30 days to cash it out. Worth a phone call or secure message online to Chase to find out for sure. If it were me, and I had no immediate travel need to max out the extra 25% value, I’d just take the $400 cash and be done with it. Also a tip – you can get the $50 hotel credit reimbursement for your 2nd year of card membership, and then cancel the credit card to get the annual fee reimbursed.

  14. Oh my word, that is awesome that your annual spending is so low not including vacation and plus you traveled for so inexpensively on top of that. 🙂

    Also, is there a way to leave private questions? Thanks!

  15. Thanks for providing the annual income chart. That’s really helpful unless you want us to hunt for 11 more posts to figure out. 🙂 Keep on living the life, bro. You’re doing great by living in the moment.

    1. Ha ha – 11 more clicks on my blog? Yes, please! Earn me another 1-2 cents in advertising revenue 😉

      But seriously, glad you found that helpful. I don’t know why I never included the summary before.

  16. Hi Justin,
    I’ve recently just started reading your blogs and I’m amaze on the monthly detail updates you’ve been providing. I also live in NC and been getting ready to FIRE in a year or so. I’m 50yo and actually have Retirement accounts (which I plan to start withdrawing around 60yo) and Taxable brokerage accounts/TBA (this is what I plan to use for my somewhat early retirement).
    Having said the above, I’m curious on how you’ve been withdrawing from your TBA to cover your expenses and basically tracking it to make sure you still have enough before you start withdrawing from your Retirement accounts. I’m also interested to see how you’ve been tracking your Investment income from your TBA only (and using it to help cover your expenses) considering that you can’t withdraw from your Retirement accounts yet unless you’re willing to pay the 10% penalty. Can you point me to a blog that has the information that I’m looking for? If you don’t have such blog yet, I hope you will consider writing one as I really enjoy reading and learning from your blogs.

    1. No specific blog post on the withdrawal order from taxable account unfortunately. In general, I spend all the dividends from my taxable account each year. That funds maybe 1/3rd or 1/4 of living expenses. The rest comes from “side hustle” income (this blog, consulting, other random earnings and bonuses). And if I still need more funds, I sell something from my brokerage account (the least appreciated assets so my capital gains are minimized).

      I also have a special situation with my 457 account from State Government employment. I can withdraw from it without paying a 10% penalty at any time. Just pay taxes on withdrawals.

      And if I run out of taxable assets, then I can pull from my Roth IRA contributions. I have around a quarter of a million of Roth IRA contributions/conversions that I can pull from right now without penalty or paying taxes on the withdrawals.

  17. I’m so glad to hear that your family had such a nice time in Portugal! It’s come on our radar in recent years as a place we’d like to visit at some point. And it seems that it and Spain are both much more affordable than most of Western Europe.

    We don’t like flying, so we’ve considered transatlantic cruises, but I get motion sickness, and the very thought of being on a cruise with rough seas for days on end almost makes me dizzy and nauseous!

    Your finances are so solid at this point that they should probably be little more than an afterthought for you now. Your latest withdrawal rate is just over 1% of your net worth. Even if your spending tripled, you’d still be on very solid ground for a 50+ year retirement (even using Karsten Jeske’s conservative estimates!).

    We’ve decided to pull the plug and enter early retirement at the end of this year. Healthcare insurance through the ACA seems to be extremely affordable with $0 expected premiums based on our projected retirement income. I haven’t looked into dental or vision plans though. Have you relatively recently posted about these? Do you find these on the ACA exchange also or somewhere else?

    1. Mrs. Root of Good gets motion sick very easy and takes the non-drowsy dramamine on cruises. It works pretty well but there were a couple of days that she had to confine herself to the cabin to recuperate during the worst of it.

      I don’t have any posts on picking vision or dental insurance. I usually use the exchange to shop for dental plans and pick and choose what makes sense each year. Sometimes we forego dental altogether and just pay cash out of pocket.

      1. Thanks for the quick reply! I guess I just need to shop the exchange for both.

        The one thing I’ve heard that dental insurance has going for it is that many plans have negotiated significantly lower costs for common procedures, so even if the plan doesn’t have great coverage, the total out of pocket expense can be lower with insurance vs. paying cash. I’m not sure if that’s accurate though.

        1. Yes, that is definitely accurate. I would count on a 30-40% savings from the negotiated rate vs cash pay in general. Example is a cleaning and x-ray and exam might be $179 cash pay, but with insurance the negotiated rate is $105 total (for example). So even if you have a deductible to pay, you’re saving money simply from the negotiated rate.

  18. Hey Justin was reading your blog after a long break and I am blown away at how you manage to live a great life on such a low level of spending! Truly remarkable and so inspirational in these days of so much consumption going on everywhere here in Australia. Thanks for showing that it can be done 🙂

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